1 University of Bucharest, Romania
DiscussionMy paper analyses the academic exchanges, and mostly the fellowship
schemes, between Romania, East Germany and West Germany between 1949-1989,
pointing out the cultural, but also the technological transfers (most of the
academic exchanges and fellowships during that time were in technological
fields and natural sciences, but there was also significant collaboration in the
field of literature/linguistics, philosophy and history) between these three
countries situated on opposite sides of the Iron Curtain.
The soft-power mechanisms and the role played by the
academic exchanges and fellowship schemes in the cultural diplomacy of the three
countries will be analyzed. Furthermore, their unsteady evolution during the
four decades in question (1949-1989) will be questioned. I argue that, besides
the cultural, academic and technological importance of these collaborations,
they were also a tool of political / ideological
propaganda for all three countries involved. Nevertheless, this academic
exchange was managed according to each country’s practices and interests.