Malaria Co-Infection with typhoid fever, Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infections among pregnant women in Ikere-Ekiti, local government area of Ekiti State, Southwestern, Nigeria


C A Ologunde1
1 The Federal Polytechnic, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria


This study is carried out to investigate the prevalence of co-infection of malaria, typhoid fever, hepatitis B virus and HIV infections among 400 pregnant women between the age range of 15-48 years stratified in age groups (15-19, 20-24, 25-29, 30-34, >≤35) from Ikere Local Government Area of Ekiti state. The incidences of the four diseased agents as derived by the examination of blood samples for malaria fever, typhoid fever, hepatitis B virus and HIV were 59(14.8%), 27(6.8%), 29(7.3%) and 17(4.3%) respectively. The number and prevalence of double and triple co-infection was 22(5.5%) and 3(0.8%) respectively. The highest number of double infection occurred in malaria and typhoid fever with a percentage of 2.8%. The prevalence of those that are not infected with any of these diseases was 268(67%) and the prevalence of infected ones was 132(33%). The rate at which the pregnant women are positive to the test carried out on their blood sample could be as a result of poor hygiene, lack of potable water, poverty, consumption of contaminated food and lack of public health education. Further studies are required to understanding the complex immune interactions involved in the co-infection and its effect on the outcome of disease presentation with the aim of designing control intervention.

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